Tips and Techniques for Conducting Internal Audits of Pharmaceutical Facilities in Low- and Middle-income Countries


Pharmaceutical facilities are subject to strict regulations and requirements, as they deal with the production and distribution of medicine. To ensure that they are meeting these standards, it is essential to conduct regular internal audits. These audits are meant to evaluate and assess the facility's compliance with regulations, identify areas of improvement, and implement corrective actions. This article provides guidance on how to conduct an effective internal audit of a pharmaceutical facility.

1. Planning the Audit

Before conducting an internal audit, it is essential to plan the audit. The planning phase involves defining the purpose and scope of the audit, defining the objectives, identifying the audit team, and preparing the audit checklist. The audit team should consist of experienced auditors who understand the regulations that apply to the facility. The audit checklist should be developed based on the applicable regulations and standards.

Key Considerations

Internal auditors play a crucial role in ensuring that companies are adhering to these standards and best practices. To achieve this, it is essential to have a detailed questionnaire that covers all areas of the business and its operations. This questionnaire should include a comprehensive list of activities and audit areas that the auditor should focus on during the audit process. Read more here!

2. Conducting the Audit

The audit should be conducted in a systematic and objective manner. The audit team should gather evidence to support their findings and recommendations. They should review documents, observe processes, interview employees, and perform testing as necessary. The auditors should evaluate the compliance of the facility with applicable regulations, good manufacturing practices (GMPs) and other regulatory standards in the country or region. The auditors should also identify any potential non-conformance issues, document them, and report them to the management team.

Key Considerations

3. Developing the Audit Report

After conducting the audit, the audit team should develop an audit report that outlines their findings and recommendations. The report should contain a summary of the audit findings, the scope of the audit, the auditors' observations, and the corrective actions required. It should also include details of the audit team, the audit methods used, and any limitations encountered during the audit process.

Key Considerations


Internal audit should follow a systematic process. The following steps should be considered for conducting a successful internal audit:

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed on PharmaRead are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any agency or organization. PharmaRead articles are provided for information only with a focus on global health, pharmacy practice, and healthcare systems in Low- and Middle-income Countries (LMICs). Readers should seek expert opinion for use, implementation or application of this knowledge based on their individual circumstances.